Purpose and Scope

The TNUSSP aims at substantially eliminating open defecation, achieving improvements in services through the entire sanitation value chain, reducing untreated fecal matter in the environment by safe containment and treatment, in at least two model towns. The first phase of the program will be for two years (Nov 2015-Oct 2017).

It will address the problem at multiple levels:

  • It will result in improvements along the sanitation chain, ultimately resulting in a measurable decrease in the amount of untreated fecal sludge let out in urban environments in at least these two urban locations;

  • It will seek to address the underlying causes of inadequate sanitation – by helping create an enabling environment (including policy, regulations, financing, and promotion of non-state actors), building institutional capacities, and strengthening community engagement and participation; and

  • It will address the problem at scale by working with the Government of Tamil Nadu, Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in the State, and other stakeholders; and working through IIHS, enabling the exchange of knowledge and practice with other Stakeholders.

Program Aim:

To provide public health benefits by achieving improvements along the entire urban sanitation chain in the State of Tamil Nadu by demonstrating innovations in two model urban locations, as well as enabling a state-wide scaling up.

In the two year time-frame, a two-pronged approach is being adopted focusing on two model urban locations to demonstrate on-ground city-wide sanitation transformation, while simultaneously creating a state-wide enabling environment, for the roll-out and scaling-up of innovations later on. The project will be rolled out in the cities of Chennai and Trichy that represent the two most significant typologies in the state for scaling up – the first a large Class I city that is partially sewered; and the latter, a cluster of smaller town panchayats.

In both locations, the programme will implement projects and interventions along the full sanitation cycle, and city sanitation and investment plans will be prepared, with the buy-in from all stakeholders. In addition, there will be substantial work towards creation of enabling environment in the state: the refined State Operational Strategy and Financing Plan will be in place, capacities of various stakeholders will be improved, and a communication campaign will have been rolled out in the two model urban locations and elsewhere. The State will be prepared to scale up the innovations in the two model urban locations.

Over a five year time-frame, it is envisaged that there will be a substantial increase in households with access to individual or community toilets; most insanitary or toilets not constructed properly, will have been upgraded suitably; regular de-sludging of installations will be prevalent in towns; and appropriate treatment facilities will be available, or in the process of being implemented. In addition, the re-use of sludge and waste-water shall have been tested and ready for scale-up.