Focus Areas / Project Components
The Technical Support Unit (TSU) shall provide support for planning and implementing measures for improved sanitation including:
Enabling Environment and Governance
At the state level, a comprehensive review of the relevant laws and regulations is being carried out. Based on this review, the process for change in relevant rules, regulations and Acts will be initiated, as needed. A state level Action Plan will be prepared to address gaps along the entire sanitation chain(with particular focus on on-site systems) viz. provision of individual and community toilets, upgradation of existing toilets, creation and expansion of de-sludging services treatment plants, and re-use/recycling facilities and services. Keeping in mind the long time period of this investment, a short term and medium term operational strategy for the state will be prepared. A financial plan, highlighting gaps, possible sources of funding, and arrangements for operations will be put in place. At the city level, city task force/s will be constituted, regular meetings will be held, and various plans will be endorsed.
Engineering and Planning
At the state level, a review of different technologies, tools and methods (along the entire sanitation value chain) is being carried out. The relevant tools will then be adapted to the Tamil Nadu context, and a scaling up strategy will be prepared. At the city level, the adapted tools will be used to develop city sanitation plans, with special focus on Fecal Sludge Management Plans. City Investment Plans, for both capital and O & M costs, will be carried out. Their incorporation and links to the statutory Master Plans and Development Control Regulations shall be explored.
The bulk of the activities under this component will be carried out in the two model urban locations for the initial two years. DPRs for various projects, identified in the CSPs, will be created, and possible sources of funding for the same identified. Pre-feasibility study of pilot demonstration projects will also be carried out, along with actual implementation of small scale demonstration projects at household/ ward levels, by replicating tested systems elsewhere in India or TN. At the state level, the TSU will provide technical assistances to various FSM initiatives being carried out in other cities in the state.
Behaviour Change and Communication
Behaviour Change and Communication is being addressed through a range of approaches – understanding the incentives for stakeholders including awards, consumer preferences, changes in role description in case of government officials, and communication campaigns targeted at appropriate segments. The BMGF supported research grant on formative behaviour in urban sanitation behaviour, is expected to provide greater understanding of messages for communications strategy for the state. This component also places specific emphasis on urban poor and slum communities, especially in terms of helping them with improved access and use practices. At the state level, it will include preparation of communication strategy, communication materials and roll out of the campaigns. The two model urban locations will be first few locations where these campaigns will be rolled out. This component will closely tie with the governance and capacity building components.
A landscaping study of private enterprises across the sanitation value chain at the State level, and in the two cities,has been commenced. Orientation workshops for private sector will be carried out, and guidelines developed for ULBs for private sector participation. Activities at the State and the City levels shall include developing viable business models, and providing hand-holding services to potential private sector entrepreneurs and service providers.
The TNUSSP knowledge management strategy is directly linked to the strategic plans and activities of the programme. Knowledge management includes knowledge creation, information sharing and capacity building. This is done through research, communications and partnerships. Research aims to generate new information from primary and secondary sources whereas communication involves information dissemination and sharing of findings through various print and digital media in the form of reports, journals, websites, social media pages, CoPS and so on. Positioned as a learning organization, TNUSSP continuously engages with different actors and stakeholders in the FSM arena from whom there is cross learning, sharing, and exchange of theory as well as concepts and practices.
This component addresses the needs all relevantstakeholders, beginning with a segmentation of groups, detailed Capacity Needs Assessment for each stakeholder group (completed now), and creation and delivery of a differentiated strategy to build capacities of these segments. The futureactivities carried out under the component are training programmes, enhancing skills and capacities, managerial training and orientation, domestic and international exposure visits and peer-to-peer exchanges, and other process/systems improvement initiatives (related to urban sanitation) in various ULBs, hand-holding support, etc. Further, the project will seek to scale the capacity building efforts by building capacities of local institutions (government and/or private) to conduct training programmes in urban sanitation, including the TNIUS.
Monitoring and Evaluation
Studies carried out by TNUSSP showed that lack of reliable and accurate data on the status of sanitation in the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) was as one of the key barriers to improving the full chain of sanitation in urban areas of Tamil Nadu. The TNUSSP designed a framework for collecting data from ULBs across the State and pre-tested it in selected ULBs.
The Muzhusugadharam (MuSu) Application (App) is a State-wide initiative by the Municipal Administration and Water Supply (MAWS) Department to collect and compile accurate and relevant data on septage management at the ULB level. Being the first of its kind in the State, the MuSu App, based on the Operative Guidelines on Septage Management, seeks to assess the current status of the ULBs with respect to the different parts of the sanitation value chain, and promises to help track progress over time as investments are made. The application that is Android-based, is user-friendly and has been designed to suit different interfaces including Mobile Phones, Tablets and Laptops or Desktop Computers. The user interfaces can be operated in both Tamil and English.