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Tamil Nadu Sanitation Mission

When it comes to improving public health standards, the Government of Tamil Nadu is leading the way by taking steps to stop open defecation. To address total sanitation, they rolled out Namma Toilets (public toilets) in urban areas in 2013. Tamil Nadu was the first Indian state to issue the Operative Guidelines for Septage Management in September 2014. They are committed to conventional sanitation solutions like Under Ground Drainage and Sewage Treatment Plants. They are also investing in economic and sustainable ways to store, collect, transport, treat and dispose the contents of urban toilets.

Tamil Nadu Urban Sanitation Support Programme

The Tamil Nadu Urban Sanitation Support Programme (TNUSSP) was launched in the year 2015 to aid the Government of Tamil Nadu in its Tamil Nadu Sanitation Mission. The programme aims to improve urban sanitation in Tamil Nadu by demonstrating innovations in two model cities—Coimbatore and Trichy—and then scaling it up across the state.

The project is scheduled for a period of five years and is being implemented in two phases. The first phase ran for almost 2 years from November 2015 to October 2017. In this phase, the project worked on planning, promoting innovations, capacity building, behavioural change, community engagement, enterprise development and knowledge management.

Phase two is planned for 3 years from November 2017 to March 2020. It will build on the achievements of Phase one. The second phase will scale up by providing the ULBs demand-based advisory support rather than focus on implementation support.

TNUSSP functions within Government of Tamil Nadu’s Municipal Administration and Water Supply (MAWS) department. To support the cause, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has set up a Technical Support Unit (TSU) at the state level, with two sub-TSUs each in Coimbatore and Trichy. The TSU is run by the Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) along with partners Gramalaya, Keystone Foundation and CDD Society. The Directorate of Town Panchayats (DTP) is the coordinating agency for the programme.